Rubble-Mound Breakwater Stability and Wave-Attenuation Tests, Port Ontario Harbor, New York, Hydraulic Model Investigation.
ARMY ENGINEER WATERWAYS EXPERIMENT STATION VICKSBURG MS HYDRAULICS LAB
Pagination or Media Count:
An undistorted-scale hydraulic model study was conducted to investigate the armor stability and wave-transmission design of three breakwater cross sections for Port Ontario Harbor, New York. Plan 1 was constructed to a crown elevation of 10 ft lwd and used armor slopes of IV on 2H and 1V on 1.5H lake-side and harbor side, respectively. A crown width of 16 ft, equivalent to three armor-stone diameters, was used and the slopes and crown were armored with two thicknesses of 7.8-ton stone. Plan 1A was the same as Plan 1 except that the crown elevation was lowered to 9 ft lwd. Plan 2 was similar to Plan 1 except that the armor weight was reduced to 5.3 tons and the crown width was narrowed to 14 ft. Based on results of model tests, it was concluded that Plans 1 and 2 meet the designated wave-transmission criteria of significant transmitted wave height greater than or equal to 3.0 ft and are stable designs for the maximum breaking wave heights that can be produced in the model for 7- to 11-sec waves at swls of 1.0 and 4.6 ft lwd. Plan 1 exhibited the best stability response of all three plans investigated. Maximum significant transmitted wave heights were 2.5, 3.0 and 2.4 ft for Plans 1, 1A, and 2, respectively. Author
- Civil Engineering