Effect of Injury and Infection on Visceral Metabolism and Circulation
ARMY INST OF SURGICAL RESEARCH FORT SAM HOUSTON TX
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To characterize the role of the liver and kidney in the metabolic response to injury and infection, selective catheterization of the hepatic 42 veins and renal veins 21 veins was performed in 31 burn patients mean burn size 51 TBS, studied 4-129 days postinjury. Blood flow was determined by standard clearance techniques ICG and PAH, and simultaneous arterial and hepatic andor renal vein blood was obtained for oxygen, glucose, lactate, pyruvate, and amino acids. Patients studied in the first to third weeks postinjury were classified as noninfected 8 studies, bacteremic 8 studies, or bacteremic with complications 5 studies. There was no difference in age, weight, mean burn size, pulse rate, blood pressure, rectal temperature, total body oxygen consumption, or cardiac index among these groups. Estimated hepatic blood flow EHBF and hepatic substrate balance of these patients were compared with postabsorptive normal subjects in the literature mean or - SEM or range. Thermal injury alone resulted in marked increases in EHBF, hepatic oxygen uptake, and glucogenesis. The added insult of bacteremia significantly increased hepatic glucose output as clinical sepsis progressed, glucose output decreased sharply. The kidney consistently demonstrated a net uptake of glucose in all studies. The changes in hepatic glucose output in bacteremic patients occurred without significant differences in EHBF, oxygen utilization, or lactate uptake, but were associated with marked alterations in amino acid uptake.
- Medicine and Medical Research