Solvent Effects on the Kinetics of Simple Electrochemical Reactions. I. Comparison of the Behavior of Co(III)/(II) Trisethylenediamine and Ammine Couples with the Predictions of Dielectric Continuum Theory.
MICHIGAN STATE UNIV EAST LANSING DEPT OF CHEMISTRY
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The electroreduction kinetics of Coen33 en enthylenediamine, CoNH363, and CoNH35F2 have been investigated at mercury electrodes in aqueous solution and six nonaqueous solvents in order to explore the influence of the solvent upon the electrode kinetics of such simple one-electron outer-sphere reactions where the composition of the reactants coordination sphere remains fixed. Substantial variations in the experimental rate parameters were observed as the solvent was altered these reflect the influence of the outer-shell solvent upon the reorganization barrier to electron transfer. A simple phenomenological treatment of solvent effects upon the electrode kinetics of such simple redox reactions is given. It is pointed out that double-layer corrected rate constants kcorr can be evaluated at the same Galvani potential in different solvents with useful accuracy these quantities can provide particular insight into the chemical influence of the solvent. The utility of separating such solvent effects into intrinsic and thermodynamic contributions is noted. The substantial decreases in kcorr seen when substituting several nonaqueous solvents for water were traced to increases in the outer-shell component of the intrinsic free energy barrier.
- Physical Chemistry