Physiological and Psychological Factors in Aircraft Operations - An Overview
AIR FORCE AEROSPACE MEDICAL RESEARCH LAB WRIGHT-PATTERSON AFB OH
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The emphasis of aeromedical research has shifted over the past 10 years. The traditional mission of defining human tolerance to environmental factors and protecting the aircrew against them has been solved to some degree even if further refinement of tolerance limits, their quantitative understanding, and the simultaneous and consecutive interaction of the various stressors deserve further efforts. However, the center of activity has shifted to the performance aspects of the flight environment and to the prediction of aircrew effectiveness, mission success, and survivability from the complex interaction of environmental, physiological and psychological factors. To an increasing degree basic research studies on the physiological effects of specific environments such as acceleration, heat, vibration and noise were supplemented as realistically as possible by mission simulations, and by attempts to assess and quantitate aircrew andor overall weapon systems effectiveness. This trend in laboratory and simulation research clearly enabled a more realistic and quantitative analysis and optimization in the development of new systems.
- Human Factors Engineering and Man Machine Systems