Accession Number:

ADA094104

Title:

Prediction of Electromagnetic Scattering for Rough Terrain Using Statistical Parameters Derived from Digitized Topographic Maps,

Descriptive Note:

Corporate Author:

ROME AIR DEVELOPMENT CENTER GRIFFISS AFB NY

Personal Author(s):

Report Date:

1980-09-01

Pagination or Media Count:

25.0

Abstract:

For terrain which is gently undulating and whose surface height excursions are large compared to a wavelength, well known formulas for the normalized bistatic cross section as a function of the polarization states of the incident and scattered EM waves are available in the literature. There are also several theoretical models which describe the EM scattering cross section of surfaces characterized by two scales of roughness. The present analysis applies parameter estimation techniques to a digitized topographic data base. The results are used in a hypothesis test to determine the best probability density function PDF for the given map data. The accuracy of the analysis depends on the available data, the estimators employed, and the determination of appropriate PDFs. The example which will be discussed consists of a large number of terrain regions in an area of eastern Massachusetts. This area was chosen because experimental data in the form of electromagnetic forward scattering from the surface are available. Because of the number of cases involved, the complexity of the multivariate height distributions, and the type of measurements available, only a single observation of the multivariate data is used in the present analysis. The results of the statistical analysis for mean height, variance, correlation, PDF, and a geologic feature characterizing each subregion are presented.

Subject Categories:

  • Active and Passive Radar Detection and Equipment
  • Radiofrequency Wave Propagation

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE