A Longitudinal Analysis of the Institutional-Occupational Orientation Measures on the 1977 and 1980 USAF Quality of Life Surveys.
AIR FORCE INST OF TECH WRIGHT-PATTERSON AFB OH SCHOOL OF SYSTEMS AND LOGISTICS
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Dr. Charles C. Moskos, Jr., postulated in 1976 that the military was moving from an institution model self-sacrifice toward an occupation model self-interest. The concepts of the institution and occupation models were operationalized, tested and measured for the Air Force with a set of questions included in the 1977 Quality of Air Force Life Survey. The same questions were included in the 1980 Quality of Air Force Life Survey. The primary purpose of this research was to test the results from both surveys to determine if a measurable change has in fact occurred. Sampled members of the Air Force were found to be shifting more toward an occupational orientation between 1977 and 1980. However, sampled members with between 0-5 and 16-20 years of service also increased in the institutional orientation. A secondary purpose of this research was to analyze an opposing view of the institutional orientation using Vrooms expectancy theory valence model. The valence model premise of self-interest instead of self-sacrifice as a descriptor of the institutional model was found to be partially operative for enlisted AFSCs where there is no strong civilian counterpart to the Air Force job, but not for officer AFSCs. Author
- Personnel Management and Labor Relations