Military Wastes-to-Energy Applications,
AEROSPACE CORP GERMANTOWN MD ENVIRONMENT AND ENERGY CONSERVATION DIRECTORATE
Pagination or Media Count:
This analysis focuses on the military waste material and byproduct stream and the potential for energy recovery and utilization. Feedstock material includes municipal-type solid waste, selected installation hazardous waste, and biomass residue. The study objectives are to 1 analyze the characteristics of the military waste stream, 2 identify potential energy recovery options, and 3 examine and assess the technical and economic feasibility and environmental and institutional impacts of various energy recovery approaches. Total energy recoverable from DOD solid waste could provide about 2 percent of DODs facility energy demand. The energy potential available to DOD from biomass and hazardous waste was not available. Available waste-to-energy systems are thermal conversion processes such as incineration with heat recovery. The significance of this recoverable energy from military wastes is put in proper perspective when the benefits and barriers in using waste-derived energy are considered. Some of the benefits of waste-to-energy conversion are as follows waste energy is a readily available and inexhaustible resource that greatly reduces dependence on imported energy nonrenewable domestic conventional fuels are conserved and waste is safely disposed, and waste volume is greatly reduced. Among the barriers in using waste-to-energy, uncertainties and risks are very important. Several of them are identified and discussed, including technical, cost, energy utilization, waste stream, energy markets, and environmental uncertainties. Mitigation strategies and policies are suggested to reduce or eliminate the barriers to energy recovery.
- Administration and Management
- Non-electrical Energy Conversion
- Water Pollution and Control