Legacy of the War of the Pacific,
DEPARTMENT OF STATE WASHINGTON DC OFFICE OF EXTERNAL RESEARCH
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This paper reviews the role of Tacna-Arica and the Bolivian push for a port in the light of the relationships between the three powers directly involved and between them and the rest of the Americas. Prior to the 1929 treaty, these relationships and interactions were highly complex. Chiles willingness to reach a settlement with Bolivia and Peru was in direct ratio to the severity of its boundary problems with Argentina Argentinas vibor in pressing the dispute with Chile was related to the state of its relations with Brazil Bolivias ability to resist Chilean pressure for the cession of her coastal province was influenced by her boundary problems with Argentina and Brazil Perus attention was briefly distracted from Tacna and Arica by border disputes with Ecuador and Colombia. The United States and all of independent South America had a part in the action. Moreover, the Tacna-Arica and Bolivian port cases were among the first submitted to the League of Nations, and Bolivia hauled Chile beofre the OAS in 1962 as the result of a dispute over water rights vaguely related to the port question. This resulted in a suspension of diplomatic relations which endures to this day.
- Humanities and History