Military Intervention in South America,
DEPARTMENT OF STATE WASHINGTON DC OFFICE OF EXTERNAL RESEARCH
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Scholars have searched for the causes of military intervention into domestic political processes from a variety of analytical perspectives. Using independent variables suggested by some of these perspectives, a new operationalization of military intervention and the technique of multiple regression, this paper explores the causes of military intervention in South America during the period from 1948 to 1967. The best predictors of military intervention are the level of political unrest, the incidence of nonviolent political protest demonstrations, and, negatively, the strength of the governing party. On the other hand, the best predictors of a withdrawal from political power by the armed forces are political unrest, unfavorable balances of trade, and the lack of institutionalization of the regime as measured by regime age.
- Government and Political Science
- Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics