An Empirical Analysis of the Momentum of Growth for the 30 Largest Countries,
DEPARTMENT OF STATE WASHINGTON DC OFFICE OF EXTERNAL RESEARCH
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The purpose of this paper is to examine the issue of how close to a zero growth situation are countries and what are the major contributing factors in current growth. There are few, if any, statements concensus on the social and economic benefits of a stationary population. At a recent Council of Europe seminar held in Strasbourg, one argument held that excessive fertility is a menace to living standards. On the other hand, a number of participants viewed the current fertility declines in their countries as marking not the end but the beginning of their population problems. There is evidence that countries which have reached zero population growth are now beginning to actively encourage pro-natalist policies. For the majority of the larger countries of the world, the issue of population stagnation is likely to be a theoretical issue for generations to come. Based on an analysis of 1970 data, 12 of 130 examined had approached replacement level and of those, only 5 actually approximated a zero growth situation.
- Government and Political Science
- Sociology and Law