Old Theories versus Changing Environment,
ARMY INST OF ADMINISTRATION FORT BENJAMIN HARRISON IN
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The tools available to the military leader are consistent with need satisfactionss above the subsistence level. Motivation to perform effectively is a result of important needs. To obtain a high level of motivation, the supervisor must understand the kinds of needs his subordinates seek to satisfy and be willing to help them to satisfy these needs in exchange for effective performance and productivity. A coherent management philosophy is necessary if the leadermanager is to effectively apply the motivational theories of McGregor, Maslow, and Herzberg. Such a philosophy was provided by Dr. Douglas McGregors Theory X and Theory Y. These theories illustrate the two extremes of management thought and provide an excellent yardstick for the individual leadermanager to measure his personal managerial philosophy. Research has shown that Theory X managers achieve short-term results at the expense of future high performance, while Theory Y leaders achieve high, sustainable results for the organization.