A Total Force Model for Training the Army's Reserve Components.
ARMY COMMAND AND GENERAL STAFF COLL FORT LEAVENWORTH KS
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This study was initially undertaken to determine a new organizational structure for the reserve components of the Army to promote more effective, standardized training. Research was conducted by consulting recent 1970-1980 sources such as congressional testimony, U.S. defense policy, current Army programs, official studies and reports, and the conclusions and recommendations of experienced military analysts. Preliminary review of the findings showed that such a restructuring cannot be performed in isolation, due to the Total Force Policy, but must rather be based on an analysis of the mission and organization of the Total Army. Additional research was then undertaken to determine the present legal basis for organizing both the Army and the Militia as referred to in the U.S. Constitution. A significant finding is that the U.S. Army is legally composed of one active and two reserve components--the Regular Army, the Army National Guard in the Service of the United States ARNGUS and the U.S. Army Reserve USAR--and the Militia consisting of the Army National Guard in the service of individual states ARNG and the Unorganized Militia consisting of every able-bodied male citizen between the ages of 17 and 45. Based on the research findings, the paper proposed a total force structural model which will integrate and standardize the organization, training and administration of the Total Army. Author
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