Development of Army High-Energy Fuel for Diesel/Turbine Powered Surface Equipment
Interim technical rept. Oct 1977-Oct 1979
SOUTHWEST RESEARCH INST SAN ANTONIO TXBELVOIR FUELS AND LUBRICANTS RESEARCHFACILITY
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This is a status report on the U.S. Armys ongoing program on high energy fuels for dieselturbine powered surface equipment. The Army is interested in those fuels that have a high energy content per unit volume and therefore result in increased payload capabilities andor extended operational range of their vehicles. Two types of high energy fuels are discussed in this report. The first being the synthetic liquid hydrocarbon fuels of the polycondensed cycloparaffinic type the second being the powdered solids hydrocarbon slurries. Background information is provided on several of the synthetic liquid hydrocarbon fuels the Air Forces and the Navys interests in these fuels are discussed and a brief review of their chemistry and properties are included. Examples of these fuels are JP-9, JP-10 exo- tetrahydrodicyclopentadiene, and RJ-5. Background material is also provided on various carbonaceous materials considered for use in slurry preparation. The selection of the carbons to be used along with their properties, are described. Also discussed are the mixing devices used in the preparation the various dispersants considered the stability of the various slurries and the methods and techniques for measuring their settling rates and determining their stability.
- Surface Transportation and Equipment
- Jet and Gas Turbine Engines
- Reciprocating and Rotating Engines