'In situ' Measurement of the Ratio of Aerosol Absorption to Extinction Coefficient.
ARMY ELECTRONICS RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT COMMAND WSMR NM ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES LAB
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A knowledge of the proportion of absorbed to scattered radiation for countermeasure smokes is necessary for modeling battlefield effects. Measurement of the total scattered component, however, is difficult. This report presents results obtained by using a new and simpler approach focussing on the extinction and the absorption coefficients the total scattering coefficient is the difference quantity. Measurements of the absorption and extinction coefficients due to smoke produced by the combustion of red phosphorous are simultaneously obtained in a small test chamber. The same CO2 laser beam at lambda 9.55 micron is used to produce both results. A form of aerosol spectrophone cell was used to measure the absorption coefficient while functioning as a transmission cell from which the extinction coefficient was calculated. The ratio of the absorption to extinction coefficients was then compared with estimates of the same quantities based on calculated particle sizes, the particle size estimates being obtained from characteristics of the settling process. The ratio agreed with that predicted within the experimental error. Author
- Numerical Mathematics
- Ammunition and Explosives