Engineering and Development Program Plan, Aircraft Cabin Fire Safety.
NATIONAL AVIATION FACILITIES EXPERIMENTAL CENTER ATLANTIC CITY NJ
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The Aircraft Cabin Fire Safety Program Plan is designed to improve the survivability of passengers and crew during an impact survivable postcrash transport aircraft cabin fire. Five major tasks are identified to accomplish the goal 1 Postcrash Cabin Fire Hazard Characterization, 2 Laboratory Test Methodology Development, 3 Survival and Evacuation, 4 Fire Management and Suppression, and 5 Standards and Improvements. The program emphasizes the development of test methods and criteria for cabin interior materials that relate to flammability, smoke, and toxicity under postcrash fire conditions. Full-scale and model tests are performed initially to characterize the problem and identify governing parameters. A major activity is the correlation of small-scale and large-scale tests to determine what test or series of tests, test conditions, and data or scientific treatment of data best relate to postcrash cabin fire hazards. Quantification of the various hazards in terms of human survival will require studies to establish the escape impairment of irritant gases and develop a human survival model. Test method acceptability criteria will be derived based on a rational analysis incorporating computer models and costbenefit computations. The program plan includes development or evaluation of cabin fire evacuation aids, including heat resistant evacuation slides, emergency lighting for a smoke-filled cabin environment and protective breathing devices, and fire management and suppression systems.
- Safety Engineering