Parametric Analysis of Energy Consumption in Army Buildings by the Building Loads Analysis and System Thermodynamics (BLAST) Computer Program.
CONSTRUCTION ENGINEERING RESEARCH LAB (ARMY) CHAMPAIGN IL
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This report describes the effects varying architectural, construction, and mechanical system features have on the energy consumption of three Army buildings a barracks, an administration building, and a dental clinic. The three buildings were simulated for five climatological regions centered at Washington, DC Charleston, SC Los Angeles, CA Columbia, MO and Fort Worth, TX. Energy consumption simulations were done by the Building Loads Analysis and System Thermodynamics BLAST computer program. The report shows the percentage difference in annual heating and cooling energy use for three buildings and five locations when variations from the as built insulation levels, orientation, window areas, window types, infilitration levels, mechanical system, and system control strategies are used. It was concluded that insulation levels, window size and type, and infiltrationventilation rates are the most important architectural and construction features affecting the degree of energy consumption, and that proper selection of mechanical system type and system control strategies can reduce annual energy consumption by up to 50 percent. Author
- Air Conditioning, Heating, Lighting and Ventilating