An Irreversible Thermodynamics Model for Graphite Sublimation in Intense Radiation Environments.
AEROSPACE CORP EL SEGUNDO CA VEHICLE ENGINEERING DIV
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A model for the phase change behavior of graphite when exposed to a high external radiation heat flux has been developed in order to examine solid-gas nonequilibrium effects. The usual Knudsen-Langmuir type model is extended to one which allows both pressure and temperature discontinuities at the ablating surface. Calculated results indicate a relatively constant effective heat of ablation. However, major uncertainties are shown to remain regarding individual carbon species concentrations and the input energy required for melting. A unique feature of the irreversible thermodynamics model is the prediction of gas phase supersaturation when JANNAF thermochemical data is utilized. Author
- Physical Chemistry