Accession Number:

ADA088881

Title:

Automation of Visual Weather Observations.

Descriptive Note:

Final rept.,

Corporate Author:

AIR FORCE GEOPHYSICS LAB HANSCOM AFB MA

Personal Author(s):

Report Date:

1980-04-01

Pagination or Media Count:

35.0

Abstract:

A study was performed to determine the feasibility of objectively and automatically determining two key components of an aviation weather observation present weather and obstruction to vision. The automated system utilized was an instrumented tower and surface array of sensors located at the AFGL Weather Test Facility WTF, Otis AFB, Massachusetts. The objective method consisted of a decision-tree program AUTO based on several uniquely different responses by these weather sensors to the same weather phenomena and on discrimination techniques using tower and surface instrument comparison. The ability of AUTO to monitor rapidly changing weather events and to discriminate different types of weather is demonstrated through selected hourly periods of observations taken at 1-min intervals. Hourly observations generated over a 14-month period, March 1978 through April 1979, are compared with FAA observations to determine the effectiveness of AUTO. Major areas of agreement were found in the discrimination of fog, haze, snow, rain, and no weather. Final results show that the FAA observations of the existence and non-existence of obstructions to vision and present weather were duplicated in 82 and 86 of the cases. Thus the acquisition of real weather for an aviation weather observation, a duty presently performed by a human observer, is obtainable through an objective decision-tree program using an automated sensor array. Author

Subject Categories:

  • Meteorology
  • Test Facilities, Equipment and Methods

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE