Conventional Machining of ESR 4340 Steel.
Final rept. 1 Sep 78-1 Apr 80,
HUGHES HELICOPTERS CULVER CITY CALIF
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This program involved the study of conventional machining of heat treated ESR 4340 steel Rc 54-57. Initial effort involved a survey of available data regarding the machining of high strength steels with hardnesses of Rc 50 and above. A machining program was conducted, determining optimum tools and conditions for turning, drilling, face milling, end milling, and grinding operations. Effects of various parameters includng cutting speeds, feeds, depths of cut, and cutting fluids on tool life was determined. All the operations were found to be extremely difficult and applicaton of conventional procedures is not feasible. Tool lives remained short despite reductions in speeds and feeds. Conventional grinding methods induced detrimental residual tensile stresses along the surface, resulting in cracking, lapping, and untempered martensitic structures. Low stress grinding techniques were found to be applicable to this material when proper dressing procedures and reduced rates were used. Author
- Fabrication Metallurgy