Current Interruption in Inductive Storage Systems with Inertial Current Source.
NAVAL RESEARCH LAB WASHINGTON DC
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Utilization of inertial current source inductive storage with high power output requires a switch with short opening time. This switch must operate as a circuit breaker, i.e., be capable to carry the current for a time period characteristic of inertial systems, such as homopolar generators. For reasonable efficiency, its opening time must be fast to minimize the energy dissipated in downstream fuse stages required for any additional pulse compression. A switch that satisfies these criteria, as well as other requirements such as that for high voltage operation associated with high power output, is an explosively driven switch consisting of large number of gaps arranged in series. The performance of this switch in limiting andor interrupting currents produced by large generators has been studied. Single switch modules were designed and tested for limiting the commutating current output of 1 MW, 60 Hz, generator and 500 KJ capacitor banks. Current limiting and commutation were evaluated, using these sources, for currents ranging up to 0.4 MA. The explosive opening of the switch was found to provide an effective first stage for further pulse compression. It opens in tens of microseconds, commutates current at high efficiency 90 and recovers very rapidly over a wide range of operating conditions. Author
- Electrical and Electronic Equipment
- Electric Power Production and Distribution