Second-Order Closure Modeling of Variable Density Turbulent Flows.
PURDUE UNIV LAFAYETTE IND PROJECT SQUID HEADQUARTERS
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Mixing and Chemical reactions under turbulent flow conditions are a basic feature of the energy release processes in many combustion and propulsion systems. The development of predictive calculation procedures for these systems requires the understanding and modeling of coupling between turbulence and various physical and chemical processes. Second-order closure modeling of turbulent flows provides a rational framework for studying these interactions. Models for the scalar probability density function pdf have to be developed to achieve closure of turbulent transport equations for mixing and reacting flows. A delta function typical eddy pdf model for two species flows has been developed and incorporated into a complete second-order closure computer program. The program has been used to study uniform and variable density flowfields and the model predictions have been compared to experimental measurements. The modeling of turbulence dynamics for variable density flows requires further improvement. However, the importance of modeling the higher-order scalar correlations has been demonstrated. A number of statistical constraints on three species flowfields have also been derived. These will be useful in the development of the typical eddy pdf modelfor reacting flows. Author
- Physical Chemistry
- Fluid Mechanics
- Combustion and Ignition