Intermediate Results of the Radar Backscatter Study of Sea Ice in the Beaufort Sea.
KANSAS UNIV/CENTER FOR RESEARCH INC LAWRENCE REMOTE SENSING LAB
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As a part of the Beaufort Sea segment of the Surveillance Satellite Project SURSAT, a team of investigators from the University of Kansas conducted experiments to obtain quantitative measurements of radar backscatter from sea ice during the month of March 1979. Thick first-year sea ice, thin first-year sea ice, and an inland fresh water lake were studied using a surface-based FM-CW scatterometer that swept from 1.1 - 1.9 GHz and 8.5 - 17.5 GHz with angles of incidence from vertical of 10 deg. to 75 deg and various linear polarizations. Measurements of thick first-year sea ice, thin first-year sea ice, brackish sea ice, and an inland fresh-water lake were also made using a helicopter-borne FM-CW scatterometer that swept from 8.5 - 17.5 GHz with incidence angles of 20 deg. to 60 deg. and VV polarization only. The 1.1 - 1.9 GHz measurements show that lake ice can be distinguished from thick and thin first-year sea ice. The radar cross-sections of thick and thin first-year sea ice are not significantly different for incidence angles less than 45 deg. The 8.5 - 17.5 GHz measurements indicate that lake ice can be distinguished from the other types in all cases. Thick and thin first-year sea ice are separated by a 2 - 4 dB difference for incidence angles greater than 40 deg. The effect of snow cover on the return from lake ice was also investigated with dramatic results.
- Snow, Ice and Permafrost
- Active and Passive Radar Detection and Equipment