A Summary and Evaluation of Aquatic Environmental Data in Relation to Establishing Water Quality Criteria for Munitions-Unique Compounds. Part 3. White Phosphorus.
Final rept. 1 Apr 77-31 Aug 78,
WATER AND AIR RESEARCH INC GAINESVILLE FLA
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The purpose of this report is to review the effects of white phosphorus WP on the aquatic environment and to recommend water quality criteria for the protection of aquatic organisms. Chemical properties, analytical methods, manufacturing wastewater characteristics, and environmental fate of WP are reviewed and discussed. Four freshwater algae were exposed to WP concentrations ranging from 7 to 670 microns g1. Two procaryotic species, Anabaena flos-aquae and Microcystis aeruginosa, showed a biostimulatory growth. Conversely, two eucaryotic species, Navicula pelliculosa and Selenastrum capricornutum showed growth inhibition. N. pelliculosa was the more sensitive with significant effects apparent at 20 microns g1. Two marine species, Fucus distichus and Fucus vesticulosus, showed bioconcentration factors of 22X and 23X when exposed to 15 micron g1 WP for 48 hours.
- Water Pollution and Control