Military Leadership in the Seventies: Selected Analyses
HUMAN RESOURCES RESEARCH ORGANIZATION ALEXANDRIA VA
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This report contains selective analyses of the survey data resulting from the CONARC Board Survey conducted in 1971 to assess the status of leadership and leadership principles in the Army. The objectives of the research were to determine if the original battery of items could be modified and refined and to generate additional data relating to the nature of leadership in the Army. The analyses were performed using a factor analytic technique and correlationalregression methods. Findings indicated six dimensions of leadership Professionalism, Authoritarianism, task-oriented Consideration, Need-oriented Consideration, Social Support, and Facilitation. The battery of items was reduced by ascertaining those items directly related to the dimensions and removal of redundant items. The basic response categories of the survey--DO, SHOULD, and IMPORTANCE--were shown to be highly interrelated, and recommendations were made for the removal of the SHOULD and IMPORTANCE categories in future research. The background variable, age, was shown to be highly related to the direction of scaled responses to questionnaire items.