Tear Strength and Tensile Strength of Model Filled Elastomers.
AKRON UNIV OH INST OF POLYMER SCIENCE
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Measurements have been made of the tear strength, tensile strength, and energy dissipated during stretching for model filled elastomers consisting of polybutadiene with glass beads incorporated. The glass beads were pretreated with various silanes, some of which could, in principle, form covalent bonds with the polybutadiene matrix during free-radical crosslinking of the latter and some of which could not. The tear strength of the elastomer was increased by the addition of glass beads, by about 25 per cent for the largest beads, having a mean diameter of 150 micrometers. This effect is attributed to increased roughness of the tear path. The breaking elongation in tension was reduced by the addition of glass beads but the breaking stress was only seriously reduced for the least-well-adhering beads.
- Polymer Chemistry