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Rare Earth Modified High Strength Steels via P/M Processing.

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Technical rept. 1 Sep 78-30 Sep 79,

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Material processing studies were directed toward developing powder metallurgy methods for producing rare earth modified high strength 4340 steel with improved resistance to hydrogen embrittlement. Three different methods of making rare earth modified 4340 steel powders were explored hydrogen gas atomization, mechanical alloying, and rapid solidification rate atomization. These studies included metallographic characterization of powders made by all three of these methods and preliminary mechanical property evaluation of compacted material made from hydrogen gas atomized powder. Hydrogen gas atomization of 4340 steel prealloyed with cerium by adding a 75Ce - 25Ni alloy to the melt produced powder particles which were irregular in shape, clean, and relatively free of nonmetallic inclusions. The mechanical properties of this powder material consolidated by hot isostatic pressing HIP at 2000 F 1370 K and heat treated were generally lower than those of similarly heat treated, rare earth modified, wrought 4340 steels evaluated previously, due to a brittle condition in the prior particle boundaries of the compacted material. Mechanical alloying of hydrogen gas atomized 4340 steel powder containing no rare earths with either 75Ce - 25Ni or LaNi5 alloy powders by attriting in a special high-intensity ball mill showed that annealing of the steel powder prior to attriting was necessary in order for the attriting to be effective. Rapid solidification rate RSR atomization of a control heat of 4340 steel with no rare earth additions produced powder which were generally spherical in shape, clean, and relatively free of nonmetallic inclusions, but contained many internal voids.

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  • Metallurgy and Metallography
  • Fabrication Metallurgy

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