Summary of Literature of Validation and Factor Studies of Aptitude Tests
ADJUTANT GENERAL'S OFFICE (ARMY) WASHINGTON DC
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The Army is continually faced with the problem of developing tests to predict performance of enlisted personnel in the wide variety of jobs existing in the Army. This is the focal problem in enlisted classification. The ideal situation in predicting successful performance on the job exists when the components or factors comprising the elements of the job are known and pure factor tests are available. One would then merely select those tests which are most heavily weighted with the factors that predominate in the job to predict job success. Although the factorial composition of many aptitude tests is known, very little data is available on the factorial structure of jobs. As validation findings and factor analysis results become available for a wide range of jobs, personnel selection methods will become more systematic and effective.