A Preliminary Version of a Scale to Measure Sex-Role Attitudes in the Army
ARMY RESEARCH INST FOR THE BEHAVIORAL AND SOCIAL SCIENCES ALEXANDRIA VA
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The Army is today using more women in more different kinds of jobs than it has at any time since the end of World War II, and most expectations are that this trend will continue. In view of this fact, it seemed desirable to find out how soldiers both male and female are reacting to this development, what factors account for differences that exist, and to what extent soldiers attitudes and behavior in this regard are likely to change in the years ahead. The present report describes preliminary work toward the construction of the basic sex-role attitude scale both a long and a short form to be used in this research. A preliminary version of a short and a long form of a scale measuring sex-role attitudes in the Army has been developed, and each form appears to meet basic criteria for reliability and validity. Certain changes in item wording are indicated, however, and research is in progress to determine the reliability and validity of a slightly modified version of the short form.