An Analysis of 30 Scales of Leadership in a Simulated Combat Situation
ARMY RESEARCH INST FOR THE BEHAVIORAL AND SOCIAL SCIENCES ALEXANDRIA VA
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A broadly conceived research program has been conducted by ARI to provide the Army with scientific means of identifying officers with certain aptitudes and characteristics necessary for success in different kinds of leadership situations. Previous research dealt with detailed and complex analysis of officer performance across many varied tasks and situations. In this research, officers went through an intensive three-day exercise in a simulated combat situation at the Officer Evaluation Center OEC at Fort Benning, Ga., and performed 15 missions composed of five combat, five technical, and five administrative tasks. Two thousand single observations were made and were subsequently reduced to approximately 300 scales. Factor analysis of these scales resulted in 30 orthogonal factors of which 28 were unique to a particular mission. The analysis reported here deals with the original intercorrelations from unweighted raw scores from the 30 scales established on the basis of the 30 factors. An approximation to second-order factoring was performed to investigate whether consistency would be maintained with the original 8 leadership dimensions. The robustness of the original dimensions, as well as their generalizability, is the issue.
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