Overview of Foundation Investigation and Test Program. Volume I. Existing Locks and Dam Number 26 Mississippi River, Alton, Illinois. Phase IV Report.
WOODWARD-CLYDE CONSULTANTS CHICAGO IL
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A series of tests examining various foundation systems and construction techniques were conducted on Ellis Island near Locks and Dam No. 26 in alluvial sand deposits underlain by glacial deposits and limestone. The chemical grout tests consisted of grouting the upper 20 feet of the alluvial sand by injecting a number of different silicate and cement-bentonite grout types, while varying the grouting method, hole spacing, and injecting rates. Heave, lateral displacement, and pore pressure were monitored during grout injection. The in situ properties of the sand were measured before and after grouting by standard penetration tests, static cone penetration tests, pressuremeter tests, bore hole permeability tests, and shear wave velocity tests. Concurrently laboratory tests were conducted to investigate the strength and creep behavior of the grouted sand. After completion of grouting, the site was excavated to examine and evaluate the grouted sand. In the rock anchor test, inclined rock anchors were installed in limestone through 130 feet of alluvial and glacial deposits using a pneumatic down-the-hole hammer with an offset reamer. Load tests were conducted on three instrumentated rock anchors and the feasibility of installation of the rock anchors was determined by evaluating loss of ground during installation, performance of the installation equipment, and rate of installation. The drilled-in pile tests consisted of installation of large diameter high capacity pipe piles by the Benoto method.
- Civil Engineering