Human Processing of Knowledge from Texts: Acquisition, Integration, and Reasoning
RAND CORP SANTA MONICA CA
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Decision makers must frequently assimilate a large number of facts from several documents, organize related facts in memory, and reason using the acquired knowledge. Nine experiments investigated how people learn and retain knowledge in texts and perform inferential reasoning using several facts to generate or verify conclusions. Individual experiments examined the influence of text structure, the learnability of individual facts, the acquisition of new knowledge conforming to a previously learned structure, the integration of related but separately learned facts in memory, search and verification processes for inferential reasoning, and techniques for improving the organization of information in memory.