Importance Weight Assessment for Additive, Riskless Preference Functions: A Review.
Research rept. Oct 77-Dec 78,
DECISIONS AND DESIGNS INC MCLEAN VA
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One of the more useful tools in decision analysis is the riskless, additive multiattribute utility MAU model. The most difficult task in the application of MAU models is that of estimating the importance weight parameters. Two general approaches to the weight estimation problem are extensively reviewed in the present paper direct subjective estimation and indirect holistic estimation. Various methods for directly assessing importance weights are catalogued, including ranking, fractionation, subjective-estimate methods, and paired-comparison procedures, and their relationship to one another is discussed. The so-called indirect holistic methods, including unbiased and biased regression analyses, the ANOVA and fractional ANOVA paradigms, and the indifference techniques of pricing out and trading off to the most important dimension, are all explained with particular emphasis on their common relationship to the general linear model.
- Statistics and Probability