Accession Number:

ADA073349

Title:

Continuous Manufacturing of Nitrocellulose by Magnesium Nitrate Method. Volume 1

Descriptive Note:

Final rept. Jan 1972-Nov 1977

Corporate Author:

HERCULES INC RADFORD VA

Report Date:

1979-06-01

Pagination or Media Count:

208.0

Abstract:

The objectives of this project were to design, procure, install and evaluate pilot and prototype equipment for the continuous production of nitrocellulose NC by the magnesium nitrate process. Laboratory and bench-scale studies were performed to establish methods, techniques, and basic design concepts for the continuous prototype process. Laboratory-scale studies evaluated the conditions for nitration and purification of NC. Bench-scale studies established nitration conditions, determined the use of attrition mills, and evaluated ion exchange as a means of recovering magnesium nitrate. Corrosion studies were used in evaluating construction materials and selecting equipment for the continuous pilot plant. A nitration, purification, chemical recovery, and pollution abatement process flow was established. Equipment for the prototype plant was designed, procured, and installed. Before the evaluation of the continuous pilot plant was begun, equipment was modified to permit evaluation of an acid recycle system proposed for use in the continuous mixed-acid NC MANUFACTURING facility. Following this evaluation, the project was terminated. Volume 1 of this report contains unrestricted technical data.

Subject Categories:

  • Fabrication Metallurgy
  • Ammunition and Explosives

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE