Accession Number:

ADA073222

Title:

Review of Toxic Spill Modeling.

Descriptive Note:

Final rept. 1 Feb-1 Dec 77,

Corporate Author:

TULANE UNIV NEW ORLEANS LA DEPT OF CIVIL ENGINEERING

Personal Author(s):

Report Date:

1978-11-01

Pagination or Media Count:

209.0

Abstract:

This study is a literature survey which identifies existing mathematical models available for the description of toxic spills into waterways. Advantages and disadvantages of numerous models are discussed. Emphasis is placed on model coefficients becuase these are very difficult to define. Guidelines are presented for coefficient selection. This selection must consider such parameters as river bends, varying channel geometries, stratified flows and oscillating flows. The interactions of convective transport, turbulent mixing, chemical reactions and other processes are reviewed. Guidelines are also given for matching the best mathematical model to particular toxic spill scenarios. Modeling technique is discussed to fully describe toxic spills. This literature review provides a useful planning tool for future model development. Author

Subject Categories:

  • Toxicology
  • Numerical Mathematics
  • Fluid Mechanics
  • Water Pollution and Control

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE