The Relationship Between Worker Ownership and Control of Organizations and Work Attitudes and Behaviors: A Comparative Study.
OREGON UNIV EUGENE GRADUATE SCHOOL OF MANAGEMENT AND BUSINESS
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Based on a sample of worker-owners in a producer cooperative and employees in a conventional organization, this study empirically tests portions of a theoretical model explaining the relationship between worker ownership and control and work attitudes and behaviors. According to the model, worker-owners in the cooperative are hypothesized to have higher perceptions of participation in decision-making, pay equity, performance reward contingencies, and group work norms than are employees in the conventional organization. These perceptions, in turn, are expected to lead to an increased commitment to the organization and lower levels of absenteeism, tardiness, accidents, grievances and turnover. Results partially support the model with members of the cooperative being more commited to their organization, while at the same time having higher absenteeism and tardiness levels than employees in the conventional firm. Implications of results are presented, and directions for future research are discussed. Author
- Personnel Management and Labor Relations