Disposal Alternatives for Contaminated Dredged Material as a Management Tool to Minimize Adverse Environmental Effects.
LOUISIANA STATE UNIV BATON ROUGE CENTER FOR WETLAND RESOURCES
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This report is a guidelines manual to assist in selecting disposal alternatives for contaminated dredged material to minimize adverse environmental effects. It is directed to the small percentage of contaminated sediments that are believed to present a high potential for environmental harm, rather than the great majority of dredging projects that involve uncontaminated or slightly contaminated sediments. The contaminants and potentially nuisance substances considered in this report include mercury, cadmium, lead, zinc, copper, nickel, chromium, arsenic, chlorinated hydrocarbons,petroleum hydrocarbons, iron, manganese, nitrogen, phosphorus, and sulfur. Individual contaminants, and in some cases groups of contaminants that behave similary, are discussed under separate headings. Many of the contaminants respond differently to physical, chemical, and biological conditions at a disposal site. The approach taken in this report is to point out the relative environmental risks of different disposal methods by identifying the possible disposal alternatives and discussing the problems associated with specific contaminants and disposal methods. Certain management practices that may be applicable to some disposal alternatives that will further reduce the environmental risk are also presented.
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