Measurement of Resistive Torques in Major Human Joints
Final rept. 1 Apr 1976-30 Sep 1978
OHIO STATE UNIV COLUMBUS DEPT OF ENGINEERING MECHANICS
Pagination or Media Count:
The major articulating joints which are considered are the shoulder, knee, hip, elbow and ankle. Due to drastic postmortem changes of the biomechanical response of the body tissues, the research is conducted with some obvious limitations on live human subjects. The major components of the specially designed and built experimental apparatus are a subject restraint system, a global force applicator GFA, and an exoskeletal device ESD. The ESD is used in monitoring the kinematics of the motion between the fixed and the moving body segments and the forces are applied to the moving body segment by means of the GFA. Design of both the ESD and GFA are similar, each containing eight high precision potentiometers. The experimental apparatus and the associated theoretical concepts are utilized to achieve at least three major tasks. These tasks are the quantitative determination of a the voluntary range of motion b the resistive force and moments c the resistive torques for the rotational motion of the body segments about their long bone axes. Although the majority of the results presented are on the passive resistive force, moment and torques for the major articulating joints of three subjects, some results on the magnitudes of the active resistive muscle force, moment and torque vectors are also presented for the same subjects.
- Anatomy and Physiology
- Medicine and Medical Research