Evaluation of Nitrification Inhibitors in Cold Regions Land Treatment of Wastewater. Part 1. Nitrapyrin.
WISCONSIN UNIV-MADISON COLL OF AGRICULTURE AND LIFE SCIENCES
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A series of laboratory and field tests were conducted to investigate the possibility that nitrapyrin could be useful as a nitrification inhibitor in land treatment of wastewater. Laboratory tests included soil incubation and soil column studies. Variables were soil type, temperature, nitrapyrin concentration and method of application to the soil. Experimental designs included two soils, three temperatures 0, 10 and 20 C and three levels of inhibitors in a complete factorial. Forage grasses were present in all treatments, and wastewater containing NH4 was utilized. Weekly application of wastewater was 5 cm. Soil solution at depth and leachate at 160 cm were collected and analyzed weekly for NH4-N and NO3-N. That data indicate that nitrapyrin was not effective in inhibiting nitrification when applied to the soil surface in soil columns simulating land treatment slow infiltration. The ineffectiveness of the compound under a mode of application where it is mixed and sprayed with wastewater is thought to be due to its volatility, sorption by organic matter, low water solubility and its immobility in soils. Other chemicals such as carbon disulfide and thiocarbonates, which have different characteristics than the nitrapyrin, showed promising results. Research is under way to obtain conclusive data. Author
- Water Pollution and Control