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Deployment Requirements for U.S. Coast Guard Pollution Response Equipment. Volume I. Analysis.

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Final rept. Oct 77-Jun 78,

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This report presents results of a study to examine the siting and equipment requirements that would have to be met for the U.S. Coast Guard to provide an adequate response within six hours for spills of up to 100,000 tons 28,000,000 gals. of oil in U.S. waters. A data base of spills over 50,000 gallons in U.S. waters has been compiled from the Pollution Incident Reporting System and National Response Center files of the USCG. Spill rates are derived and applied for the U.S. as a whole and for four major sub-areas. A set of baseline pollution response equipment is adopted, and several equipment site configurations covering the U.S. are evaluated on the basis of six-hour coverage, historic spills encompassed and spill potential. Relative levels of equipment capability for the sites are derived from a simple optimization model. These relative levels are converted to specific equipment requirements on the basis of reasonable forecasts of oil movements in U.S. coastal waters, including oceanic tankers, coastal tank vessels, deepwater ports, and outer continental shelf production. Additional needs of the U.S. Coast Guard are estimated by subtracting the response capacity of equipment available from other response organizations. Worldwide experience of oil spills larger than 1,000,000 gallons is also examined for 1968-1978, and three massive spill scenarios are presented for the U.S. Atlantic and Pacific coasts. Corresponding response scenarios are evaluated, and site locations, equipment levels and logistic requirements are rexamined.

Subject Categories:

  • Water Pollution and Control

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