An Integration of Contemporary Theories of Work Motivation: A Proposed Model and Partial Test with Implications for Job Design.
AIR FORCE INST OF TECH WRIGHT-PATTERSON AFB OHIO SCHOOL OF ENGINEERING
Pagination or Media Count:
The primary objective of this research was a comprehensive model of work motivation, performance, and satisfaction based on contemporary theories of work motivation and models of job design. General motivation theories and specific theories of work motivation and job design were reviewed and compared in terms of their explanation of the process and content of work motivation. The Porter-Lawler expectancy model of work motivation was selected as a framework on which to develop a comprehensive model. The proposed model expanded the Porter-Lawler model by 1 replacing intrinsic and extrinsic work system outcomes with job property, interaction feature, and organization policy outcome clusters 2 adding psychological states as mediators between work system outcomes and job facet satisfaction and between work system outcomes and effort-outcome expectancies and 3 distinguishing between performance-related and membership-related and membership-related job facet satisfaction. It was concluded that the proposed model requires further testing and refinement before specific implications can be made. However, the proposed model is considered a necessary and significant first step toward understanding the complex and dynamic interrelationships present in the work system that impace motivation, performance, and satisfaction.
- Personnel Management and Labor Relations