Investigation of Extreme Weather Oil Pollution Response Capabilities.
Final rept. 14 Nov 77-14 Jul 78,
SEAWARD INTERNATIONAL INC FALLS CHURCH VA
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This report presents the results of a study to evaluate the state-of-the-art and determine the feasibility of attaining an extreme weather pollution response capability. Sea states between 4 and 6 were considered. Investigations were made of systems for responding to stranding incidents, where the oil is still contained in a tanker, and for responding to oil spills. In the first case, cargo jettisoning and tanker stabilization methods were recommended as supplemental response techniques in addition to existing off-loading capabilities. In the second case, dispersant application from vessels and aircraft, and skimming with large over 160 feet, dedicated skimming vessels, were recommended. Aircraft dispersant methods would provide response capabilities in sea state 6, and dedicated skimmers could work in sea state 5. The best existing skimming system is probably the Coast Guards skimming barrier, which would be marginal in sea state 4. Author
- Physical and Dynamic Oceanography
- Civil Engineering
- Marine Engineering