Studies of Deep-Sea Sedimentary Microtopography in the North Atlantic Ocean.
WOODS HOLE OCEANOGRAPHIC INSTITUTION MASS
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Many of the small-scale topographic features dimensions of centimeters to kilometers found on the Blake-Bahama Outer Ridge western North Atlantic, water depth greater than 4000 m and in the Rockall Trough northeastern North Atlantic, water depth greater than 2000 m have been formed as bed forms of deep currents. These bed forms, all developed in cohesive sediments, include current ripples spacings of tens of centimeters, formed transverse to the flow, longitudinal triangular ripples spacings of meters, formed in sandy muds and parallel to the flow, furrows spacings of tens to 100s of meters, formed parallel to the flow and presently either erosional or depositional, and regular sediment waves spacings of a few kilometers, now found oblique to the flow and migrating either upstream or downstream. The local distribution of any given bed form is influenced by the presence of larger features. Bed forms are often found in zones which strike parallel to the regional contours.
- Physical and Dynamic Oceanography
- Geology, Geochemistry and Mineralogy