Accession Number:

ADA061598

Title:

The Reliability of Written Reports and Verbal Inquiry in Assessing Marital Interactions.

Descriptive Note:

Master's thesis,

Corporate Author:

AIR FORCE INST OF TECH WRIGHT-PATTERSON AFB OHIO

Personal Author(s):

Report Date:

1978-05-01

Pagination or Media Count:

48.0

Abstract:

Previous research has shown that affects, construals and response expectancies in the interactions of married couples can be reliably inferred from written interaction records Peterson, 1978. This study was conducted to determine whether reliabilities could be improved by interviewing participants about their interactions after written records of the interactions have been completed. Four raters were exposed to two sources of information concerning the interpersonal interactions of six married couples 1. each spouses written account of the interactions and 2. audio-recorded inquiry of spouses designed to enrich and clarify their accounts of the interactions. Each raters interpretations involved the selection of specific interaction codes to describe different kinds of affect, construals and expectations associated with major acts in each marital interaction, and summary characterizations concerning the degree of intimacy, effectiveness of communication, self-regard, regard for spouse, control, assertiveness and aggression that existed in each marital relationship. Orders of presentation were counterbalanced, and judgments were made following presentation of each kind of information. After the individuual interpretations were complete, all four raters met and reached consensus interpretations involving interaction codes and summary characterizations for each married couple. Levels of agreement between individual and consensus interpretations were computed using kappa statistics to correct for chance agreement and compared.

Subject Categories:

  • Sociology and Law
  • Psychology

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE