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Cadet Evaluation Battery: A Comparison of 1975 Male and Female Scores with One Another and with 1971 Male Scores
ARMY RESEARCH INST FOR THE BEHAVIORAL AND SOCIAL SCIENCES ALEXANDRIA VA
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The present study compared male and female performance on the Cadet Evaluation Battery CEB, a measure of Army officer potential, and compared male scores achieved in two testing periods 4 years apart. The CEB was administered to 637 male cadets in the 2d year Military Science II of the Army Reserve Officers Training Corps ROTC in 1971 and to 1,035 female and 926 male applicants in the 3d year of ROTC MS III in 1975. Cognitive scale scores from the 1971 sample were superior to the cognitive scores for both the male and female 1975 samples, while the noncognitive scores for the 1975 male group exceeded those for the 1971 group on three of four scales. These results were discussed in terms of changes in the nature of the ROTC population following the cessation of the draft. Comparisons between male and female scores from the 1975 samples indicated that females tended to perform as competently as males on the cognitive scales but revealed that male performance was superior on all four noncognitive scales. Discussion of the sex differences observed focused on the use of all-male samples in the development of the CEB.
APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE