A Dynamic Analysis of the Medium Tank Battalion Conducting Hasty Offensive Operations
NAVAL WAR COLL NEWPORT RI CENTER FOR ADVANCED RESEARCH
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An analysis of alternate offensive tactics was conducted using the computer-assisted manual war game BATTLE Battalion Analyzer and Tactical Trainer for Local Engagements. The purpose of the study was to determine which of two sets of tactical procedures is better for the conduct of a hasty attack against a reinforced Soviet motorized rifle battalion defending dominant terrain. Variations in attack formations, composition and size of the overwatch force, characteristics of avenues of approach, the use of scouts, and the employment of smoke munition under varying weather conditions were examined. The scope of the study was bounded by specific conditions regarding terrain, visibility, weather, enemy dispositions, and friendly force organizations. Two U.S. tank battalion organizations, each with 54 tanks, an organic TOW company, a mechanized infantry company and supported by indirect fire units, conducted the attacks. Close air support and attack helicopters were excluded. Tactics which create a partial or complete envelope of smoke around the attacking force concentrated on a mass formation consistently achieved the objective at least cost in terms of U.S. weapons systems destroyed. Areas for further research are identified.
- Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics
- Combat Vehicles