Accession Number:

ADA059445

Title:

Mechanisms That Regulate the Intensity of Oxidation-Reduction in Anaerobic Sediments and Natural Water Systems.

Descriptive Note:

Final rept. Aug 76-Sep 78,

Corporate Author:

ARMY ENGINEER WATERWAYS EXPERIMENT STATION VICKSBURG MISS

Report Date:

1978-08-01

Pagination or Media Count:

118.0

Abstract:

A literature review and a series of laboratory experiments were conducted to investigate the mechanisms that regulate the intensity of oxidation-reduction in natural environments. Results of the literature review indicated that following depletion of oxygen and nitrate, the highly reduced conditions reached by systems containing substantial amounts of organic matter appear to involve mixed potentials generated by unknown organic oxidation-reduction couples that act in concert with inorganic oxidation-reduction couples. Results of the laboratory studies confirmed that organic oxidation-reduction couples of an unknown nature were exerting a strong influence on Eh. The iron and manganese oxidation-reduction systems were also shown to be affecting Eh, although in a manner consistent with the existence of a mixed potential. Redox potential should only be used as a semiquantitative indicator of the intensity of reduction. Precise evaluation of the reduction status of anaerobic natural environments should be determined by rigorous analysis of various chemical constituents, including manganese II, iron II, and sulfide. Comparison of results of the present study with those of others indicated that microbial succession and appearance of reduced products closely parallel those found in flooded soils and sediments. The appearance of reduced products corresponded to the sequence roughly predicted by thermodynamics. Author

Subject Categories:

  • Physical Chemistry
  • Civil Engineering

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE