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Retention and Transfer of Training on a Procedural Task; Interaction of Training Strategy and Cognitive Style.

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Final scientific rept. 1 Oct 76-30 Sep 77,

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This study investigated the effectiveness of three different training strategies with respect to initial training, retention, and transfer of training. In addition to investigating the relative merits of the three strategies, the possibility of matching the instructural strategy and the trainees cognitive style was evaluated. There is growing research support for the contention that different individuals utilize different means of encoding andor storing information. The effect of these differences with respect to initial training, retention, and transfer of training was addressed in the context of a realistic task. The particular task used was representative of the many sequential procedures performed which range from operating master control panels in industrial plants to normal and emergency procedures in air vehicles. The results of the study indicate that 1 vividness of imagery does interact with training strategy, 2 training devices do not need high fidelity to be effective in training procedural tasks, and 3 the use of training strategy that requires the trainee to provide his own cueing and feedback from memory is effective in increasing the retention of procedure-following skills, independent of cognitive style. These results have important implications for both the dollar cost and logistics of initial and refresher training, as well as for the retention efficiency of an important aspect of the humans present job description.

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  • Humanities and History
  • Psychology
  • Human Factors Engineering and Man Machine Systems

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