Accession Number:

ADA058802

Title:

A Study to Conduct Experiments Concerning Turbulent Dispersion of Oil Slicks

Descriptive Note:

Final rept. Oct 1976-Apr 1978

Corporate Author:

ARMY ORDNANCE AMMUNITION COMMAND JOLIETIL

Report Date:

1978-04-01

Pagination or Media Count:

208.0

Abstract:

Laboratory experiments were conducted in a wind-wave tank to study the turbulent characteristics in the water boundary-layers under the action of wind and waves and to study the oil dispersion characteristics under the action of breaking waves. Effects of an oil slick on the wind-waves or mechanically- generated waves with wind were also investigated. The objective was to understand by means of laboratory experiments the behavior of oil dispersion in the upper ocean. Two new instruments, a laser Doppler velocimeter and a photodiode wave gauge, have been developed to measure remotely the velocity and the vertical displacement of the water surface. The two new techniques and the experimental results are described in detail. For field application, empirical formulas were derived from the laboratory results.

Subject Categories:

  • Physical and Dynamic Oceanography
  • Test Facilities, Equipment and Methods
  • Water Pollution and Control

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE