Accession Number:

ADA058639

Title:

Oxidative Stabilization of Acrylic Fibers. II. Morphology of Polyacrylonitrile.

Descriptive Note:

Technical rept.,

Corporate Author:

MASSACHUSETTS INST OF TECH CAMBRIDGE DEPT OF MATERIALS SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING

Report Date:

1978-08-01

Pagination or Media Count:

30.0

Abstract:

A new model for the structure of oriented acrylic fibers is presented. The polyacrylonitrile molecules or the acrylic sequences in a copolymer are suggested to form two distinct regions within a fibril amorphous disordered and partially ordered. In the partially ordered regions, the polymer molecules assume a contorted helical shape to form rods with a diameter averaging about 6.0A in which the nitrile units are oriented at various angles to the rod axis, but are spaced irregularly on or near the surface of the rod. The nitrile groups of adjacent rods can interpenetrate to form dipole pairs. The rods are ordered into a liquid crystal-type array, giving in some cases a lamellar-like texture oriented perpendicular to the fibril axis, with the ordered lamellae regions interspersed with amorphous regions. Evidence for the structure is obtained from transmission electron microscopy observations, a transient peak observed in small angle X-ray scattering when fibers are thermally treated, as well as wide angle X-ray diffraction patterns. The proposed model is consistent with the absence of a periodic repeat unit along the chain direction, with the hkO reflections seen in wide angle X-ray and electron diffraction, with the spherulitic morphology reported in some studies, and with the plate-like morphologies obtained under some conditions of precipitation from dilute solution. Author

Subject Categories:

  • Textiles

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE