Research on Helicopter Rotor Noise
Final rept. 1 Mar 1975-15 Jun 1978
ARMY RESEARCH OFFICE RESEARCH TRIANGLEPARK NC
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Research was conducted on aspect of noise generation by helicopters. A general review of helicopter noise was prepared and published as one part of the work. Methods were developed for the analysis of high frequency broadband noise from rotors. Physical and analytical approximations were devised which allow practical calculation of noise from various loading mechanisms. Atmospheric turbulence noise was investigated including some effects of inflow distribution. A method for predicting trailing edge noise for rotors was developed. The results show that trailing edge noise can be quite important at high frequencies when the small scale components of ingested turbulence are weak compared to those of the blade boundary layer turbulence. In the area of high speed noise from high Mach number advancing blades the research was primarily concentrated on the radiated sound from the Lighthill stress associated with the occurrence of unsteady shock formation and disappearance on advancing transonic rotor blades. A simplified model of an impulsively started and stopped shock was used as the known near field in order to find the far field radiation.